Bone Metastases


Bone metastases: Definition
The bone metastasis occurs when cancer cells spread from their original location to a bone. Almost all types of cancer can spread (metastasize) to bone. But some types of cancer are particularly likely to spread to bone, including breast cancer and prostate cancer.

Bone metastases can occur in any bone, but usually bone metastases occur in the pelvis and spine. Bone metastases can be the first sign that you have cancer, or bone metastases may well arise years after cancer treatment.

Bone metastases can cause pain in the bones and weakened. With few exceptions, cancer that has spread to the bones can not be cured. Treatments can help reduce pain and symptoms of bone metastases

Bone metastases: Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of bone metastases include:

  1. Bone pain
  2. Fractures
  3. Urinary incontinence
  4. Fecal incontinence
  5. Weakness in legs
  6. High levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), which can cause nausea, vomiting and confusion
  7. Bone metastases: Causes
  8. Bone metastases occur when cancer cells break away from the original tumor and spread to the bones, where they begin to multiply. It is thought that cancer cells arrive in bone by traveling through blood vessels.


Bone metastases: Risk factors
Virtually any type of cancer can spread to bones, but the cancers most likely to cause bone metastases include:

  1. Breast cancer
  2. Kidney cancer
  3. Lung cancer
  4. Lymphoma
  5. Multiple myeloma
  6. Prostate cancer
  7. Thyroid cancer

Bone metastases: Treatments
Treatments for bone metastases include drugs, surgery and radiotherapy.

Bone metastases: Drugs

The drugs used in people with bone metastases include:

  1. drugs to strengthen bones
  2. Chemotherapy
  3. Hormone
  4. Drugs against pain
  5. Bone metastases: Radiotherapy

Radiation therapy uses high energy beams of power, such as X-rays to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be an option if your pain in bone metastasis did not pass. Depending on your situation, radiation to bone can be administered as a single large dose or smaller doses over several days.

Bone metastases: Surgery

Surgical procedures can help stabilize a bone that is at risk of rupture or repair a fractured bone.

Bone metastases: Physical therapy

A physical therapist can work with you to design a plan that will help you increase your strength to improve your mobility.

Learn More type of Bone Disease - causes, symptoms and treatment :


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Menopause in a nutshell


Natural process, menopause generally occurs in women between 45 and 55. As with menarche, age varies, some women being postmenopausal until about 60 years while others, in very rare cases, are at 35 years.

Menopause sign cessation of ovulation in women. The ovaries were indeed depleted their eggs. The woman no longer has menstrual. If some are delighted, others live rather badly reduced hormone secretion, causing physical and emotional changes. Menopause is different for each of them, some will feel the effects more intensely desirable.

Prior to post-menopausal women through what is commonly called perimenopause. During this period that can last more than a year, her menstrual cycles are irregular. We talk about menopause when a woman is no longer set for at least a year.

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Birthday Gadget Gifts for Your Boyfriend - My Tips to buy the gadget

When it comes to finding a gift for the anniversary of your boyfriend, you only have to choose from. There are literally thousands of products to choose from, and the choice is consistent with the difficulty in finding and deciding what to buy. From my own personal experience, I always try to refine my search by looking for interesting gifts which matches his interests, his hobbies and the occasion. For example, my boyfriend is a bit of a gadget lover of music and many of my gifts to him, have focused on this theme.Although he likes to dress well and is very particular in what he wears, is very rare that I buy him clothes, as 9 times out of 10 I know I chose the wrong thing.
In this article, I will recommend some of my absolute gadgets for boyfriends, according to the interests and personality.
Stylish Gadget Lover
Mirror with LED Scrolling Message Board - This is a contemporary and stylish mirror with LED and message function, which can display the time and with the ability to program up to 99 messages. A perfect combination of style and hi-gadgets.

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The enlargement of the prostate | Symptoms, alternatives Yoga for Prostate Enlargement and therapies

Prostate cancer is a deadly disease that affects many people, not just the U.S. but worldwide. The disease mainly affects people who are advanced in age. We know that when men grow older, the level of by-product increases testosterone production.
Consequently, there is high production of 5-alpha reductase enzyme which converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), causing enlargement of the prostate and other similar problems.
 
Symptoms usually come into force when men are in their forties. These symptoms include urinary hesitancy. When the condition progresses a sense of urgency or pressure develops and the time taken to urinate increases and often the bladder is not completely empty. This can cause sleepless nights as the frequency of making trips to the increase in the toilet.

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